And what ultimately brought them down?
If you’re talking about ":Ancient Greece": it is the period in Greek history from roughly 1100 BCE to 146 BCE (the Roman conquest of Greece after the Battle of Corinth).
If you’re talking about ":Classical Greece": it is the period of most of the 5th and 4th century BCE.
What made Greece so great is that is was highly advanced and they heavily influenced the cultures of Ancient Rome and much of the Western World. Much of modern politics (democracy), arts, science, literature, and philosophy comes from this ancient society. Ancient Greece is found to have provided the foundation of Western civilization.
Greek culture had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire, which carried a version of it to many parts of Europe. The civilization of the ancient Greeks has been immensely influential on language, politics, educational systems, philosophy, science, and the arts, giving rise to the Renaissance in Western Europe and again resurgent during various neo-Classical revivals in 18th and 19th century Europe and the Americas.
Of course there was no such thing as a ":Greek country": back then: the overall name was Hellas and it was more a bunch of city states who formed alliances with each other and broke them just as easy to go to war with one another. Some cities, like Athens, was more democratic, while others, like Sparta, were ruled by a king or military tyrant.
What brought Greece ":down": was that over a period of about 250 years, Greek territory was gradually incorporated into the Roman Empire. Roman expansionism in southern Italy and the western Mediterranean set the stage for repeated clashes between Rome and various Hellenistic rulers. The vibrancy, resilience, and resourcefulness of the Roman Republic finally proved to be too much for the fragile kingdoms of the East.
The greatness of Rome comes from it’s territorial expansions and the changes they brought with them to their conquered tribes. One has to think of civilization in it’s broadest aspect, education, engineering that was beyond their time, roads, medicine, culture and arts, their military prowess. Because of the Empire’s vast extent and long endurance, Roman influence upon the language, religion, architecture, philosophy, law, and government of nations around the world lasts to even this day.
During the Roman Republic, which preceded the Imperial Roman Empire, there were a lot of civil wars being fought. During the reign of Augustus there was a period of relative peace, known as the Pax Romana. Then a whole range of Roman Emperors passed the revue, some good and some bad.
Then around the late 3rd century CE, Emperor Diocletian established the practice of dividing authority between two emperors, one in the western part of the empire and one in the east, in order to better administer the vast territory. For the next century this practice continued, with occasional periods in which one emperor assumed complete control. However, after the death of Theodosius in 395, no single emperor would ever again hold genuine supremacy over a united Roman Empire.
The Western Roman Empire collapsed in 476 as Romulus Augustus was forced to abdicate by Odoacer, a Germanic general and the first non-Roman ruler of Italy after 476.
The Eastern Roman (or Byzantine Empire) lasted until 1453 with the capture of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks led by Mehmed II. Therefore, it is difficult to give an exact date when the Roman Empire ceased to exist,
Imho, the Roman Empire was ":brought down": due to corruption, wars, invading armies from other parts of the world and it was just too big to control with not that much money to keep a professional fighting force, the way it was governed during the reign of the Early Emperors right after the Republic.
Interesting link on the Roman Empire: http://www.historyguide.org/ancient/anci…
I’m sorry this became such a long answer bu tI hope it helps you out a bit 🙂
Don’t know but there have been a lot of nations, entities, &: religions that have had a great impact on world history. Just saying is it Greece or Rome is to simplistic. The Egyptians, the Babylonians, the Hebrews, the Chinese, the Myans, the Persians, the Mongols, the Japanese, the Aztecs, the Ottoman Empire, the Russians, the French, the English the Spanish, the Byzantine Empire, the Holy Roman Empire, the United States. The Catholic Church, Islam, Budism, Hinduism, the Protestant Reformation, Judiasm, could go on &: on &: on lol. Just saying Greece &: Rome doesn’t really cut it to me :). The world has been made the way it is by a hodge podge of different cultures, ideas &: religions. The Romans took a lot from the Greeks so i guess you can say the Greeks if you want to just limit it two the two of them. But that’s dificult to do &: it take away what both nations were able to do.
Greece and Rome were both well educated society’s. Greece had some of the best philosophers in all of History(Aristotle, Socrates, Pluto etc.). Their education made them lead in all aspects of the ancient world. The time that education, government, the economy and warfare was at it’s greatest was called Classical Greece(500BC-300BC). Greece in the ancient world wasn’t as it is now. All of the Greek cities were independently run city-states that sometimes joined to fight a common enemy like the Persians. Their disunity led to their downfall as Alexander the Great took over Greece. After Alexander, the Romans took over.
The Romans on the overhand were excellent builders. Their main income was trade through the many roads they built throughout the empire. Many roads are still intact. They built huge aqueducts which transported water from miles away. One of their greatest achievements was building the Colosseum. Many buildings along with the Colosseum were built by slave labor. The slaves were usually captured prisoners of war. From 300AD-500AD the number of barbarians migrating west ward was increasing because of the Huns. Soon the majority of the army was made up of Barbarians. The empire fell as more and more barbarians entered the empire and started attacking it. Around 500 AD, Rome was sacked, ending the Western Roman Empire. Although the Western Empire fell, The Eastern, or Byzantium Empire flourished.
I hope that helps :).
Rome Hotelbye today is one of the most important tourist locations of the planet, as a result of incalculable immensity of their archaeological and artwork secrets, along with for the allure of their distinctive traditions, the sweetness of their panoramic opinions, and the majesty of their wonderful parks. One of many things must see durante Rome is Campo de’Fiori. Campo de’Fiori is a square square south of Piazza Navona used as a market place through the day, and celebration central for college pupils and tourists at night. The title means вЂњfield of flowersвЂќ and was initially provided through the Middle Ages when the area was actually a meadow. Another place worth visit is The Roman Forum. Situated in the small pit between the Palatine and Capitoline Hills, The Roman Forum was for generations the teeming center of historical Rome and today is just a expansive destroy of architectural parts